Country Matrix for
French Revolution 1789

1.Jacques-Pierre Brissot – Politician and Newspaper Owner
Brissot spent time in the Bastille in 1784 for his writings against the Queen, but since the start of the Revolution he holds office representing the first municipality of Paris and has started a newspaper, Le Patriote Francais.

2.Maximilien Robespierre – Lawyer & Representative of Artois in the Third Estate
Maximilien de Robespierre is a lawyer to the poor, known for his frugality and altruism, and has been chosen to represent Artois in the Third Estate. He has already caused members of the elite classes some alarm with his protests against royal absolutism, and his speeches have the power to command the attention of his comrades and opposition alike.

3.Jean Paul Marat – Physician & Scientist
Jean Paul Marat is the former physician to the personal guards of the Comte d’Artois, a post he held after making a name for himself in England after years of relative obscurity in France and abroad. After attempts to pursue a career as a scientist (and being denied entrance to the Academy of Science) went sour for him, he began his more political efforts with the belief that monarchy may still be able to save France.

4.Jacques Necker – Finance Minister
Jacques Necker was the Director-General of Finance from 1777 until 1781 when the extent of France’s debt and the pushback against his reforms got him removed from office. He misrepresented the state of France’s finances and loans following the American Revolution, leading people to believe that France had a surplus of 10,000,000 livres when in reality they were deeply in deficit. He has been brought back to his position as France stands on the brink of disaster.

5.Jacques Roux – Vicar
Roux is a vicar to a Paris parish, and around the time of the beginning of the Revolution he holds democratic ideals and preaches from his position to the sans-culottes in his church. His religious influence allows him increased control over the surround areas.

6.Jean Sylvain Bailly – Scientist & Representative of the Third Estate
Jean Sylvain Bailly began his career in astronomy but with the state of affairs in France leading up to the Revolution found himself elected as one of the deputies from Paris to the Estates-General. He led the proceedings of June 20 and will become the mayor of Paris.

7.Marquis de Lafayette
He was a liberal nobleman who led French forces in partaking in the American Revolution. Commoners in France revered Lafayette as an idealistic man who was dedicated to liberty and the principles of the Revolution. Although Lafayette organised the National Guard of armed citizens to protect the Revolution from attack by the king, he balked as the Revolution became more radical.

8.Gaspard Monge
Gaspard Monge was a French mathematician, the inventor of descriptive geometry (the mathematical basis of technical drawing), and the father of differential geometry. During the French Revolution he served as the Minister of the Marine, and was involved in the reform of the French educational system, helping to found the École Polytechnique.

9.Napoleon Bonaparte
Napoleon Bonaparte was a French statesman and military leader of Italian descent who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.

10.Emmanuel-Joseph Sieyès
Author of the fiery What Is the Third Estate?, He was a liberal member of the clergy and supporter of the Third Estate. Made an effort to change the political and economic scene in France.

11.Louis Antoine de Saint-Just
Louis Antoine de Saint-Just was the youngest of the deputies elected to the National Convention in 1792. He came to prominence when he gave a fiery speech at the Convention condemning King Louis XVI. He demanded that “Louis Capet” should be judged not as a king or even a citizen, but as a traitor, an enemy who deserves death.

12.Lazare Carnot
After the execution of King Louis XVI in January 1793, France’s enemies wanted to destroy the Republic and reinstate a monarchy. Several European powers thus formed a coalition to defeat France and it seemed that the fall of the Republic was imminent. At this time Lazare Carnot, a mathematican and physicist, was promoted to the Committee of Public Safety. Displaying an exceptional talent for organization and for enforcing discipline, Carnot set about rearranging the disordered French Revolutionary Army.

13.Georges Danton
Georges Danton was a leader of the Cordeliers Club, one of the popular clubs of the French Revolution. Under his leadership, the club became a significant political force. He also made frequent speeches at the Jacobin Club. On 10th August 1792, an angry crowd marched on the Tuileries Palacewhere the king resided and killed the Swiss Guards who were assigned for his protection.

14.Marie-Anne Charlotte de Corday d'Armont
As the French Revolution wore on, Charlotte became more and more Republican. She was struck by the Government's exactions against the Girondins (Outlawing of the Girondins - June 2, 1793), who took refuge in Caen. Charlotte no longer believed that a Republic would be possible. She felt that Jean-Paul Marat, who daily demanded more and more heads, was in large part responsible for the misfortunes that the French people were undergoing.

15.Charles-Alexandre de Calonne
After the Revolution began, Calonne devoted himself to the cause of counterrevolution. From exile he criticized the National Assembly’s efforts to abolish most of France’s feudal institutions. He was chief adviser to the émigrés (nobles in exile) from December 1790 until the fall of the monarchy in August 1792.