United Nations Security Council is the most powerful body of the United Nations which is responsible for maintaining security and peace among member countries. The decisions of the United Nations Security Council are binding for all member states while other bodies of the United Nations can only make recommendations. This binding is clearly stated in the United Nations Charter which is signed by almost all of the Member States.The Security Council has primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security. It has 15 Members (5 permanent and 10 non-permanent members), and each Member has one vote. Under the Charter of the United Nations, all Member States are obligated to comply with Council decisions.
The Security Council takes the lead in determining the existence of a threat to the peace or act of aggression. It calls upon the parties to a dispute to settle it by peaceful means and recommends methods of adjustment or terms of settlement. In some cases, the Security Council can resort to imposing sanctions or even authorize the use of force to maintain or restore international peace and security.
The Security Council held its first session on 17 January 1946 at Church House, Westminster, London. Since its first meeting, the Security Council has taken permanent residence at the United Nations Headquarters in New York City. It also travelled to many cities, holding sessions in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, in 1972, in Panama City, Panama, and in Geneva, Switzerland, in 1990.
A representative of each of its members must be present at all times at UN Headquarters so that the Security Council can meet at any time as the need arises.
Agenda Item: Arab spring
Under Secretary General: Berra Yılmaz
Academic Assistant: Pınar Polat
Country Matrix Study Guide